Sour-dough Starter

I have been wanting to make a sourdough starter for years. I thought that it would be complicated and time consuming. How wrong was I! After a bit of research, I began the process of making a wild yeast starter. Now the first couple of attempts went in the bin as nothing seemed to be happening. Then I decided to not be so impatient and within a week, I made my first batch of sourdough which became pizza for the kids supper.

What You Need
Plain flour

500ml glass or plastic container (not metal)
Measuring cups
Mixing spoon
Cling film or a food bag

Making sourdough starter takes about 5 days. Each day you “feed” the starter with equal amounts of fresh flour and water. As the wild yeast grows stronger, the starter will become more frothy and sour-smelling. On average, this process takes about 5 days, but it can take longer depending on the conditions in your kitchen. As long as you see bubbles and sings of yeast activity, continue feeding it regularly. If you see zero signs of bubbles after three days, take a look at the Troubleshooting section below.

Day 1: Make the Initial Starter

1 cup of plain flour
1 cup of water

Combine them in the container. Stir vigorously into a smooth batter. It will look like a sticky, thick dough. Scrape down the sides and loosely cover the container with cling film.

Put the container somewhere with a consistent room temperature, the same temperature that you would use to proof dough and let sit for 24 hours.

Day 2: Feed the Starter

1/2 cup water
1/2 cup plus a tablespoon plain flour

Take down your starter and give it a look. You may see a few small bubbles here and there. This is good! The bubbles mean that wild yeast have started making themselves at home in your starter. They will eat the sugars in the the flour and release carbon dioxide (the bubbles) and alcohol. They will also increase the acidity of the mixture, which helps fend off any bad bacterias. At this point, the starter should smell fresh, mildly sweet, and yeasty.

If you don’t see any bubbles yet, don’t panic like I did — depending on the conditions in your kitchen, the average room temperature, and other factors, your starter might just be slow to get going.

Combine the flour and water in with the starter. Leave again for 24 hours loosely covered.

Day 3: Feed the Starter

1/4 cup water
1/4 cup flour

Check your starter. By now, the surface of your starter should look dotted with bubbles and your starter should look visibly larger in volume. If you stir the starter, it will still feel thick and batter-like, but you’ll hear bubbles popping. It should also start smelling a little sour and musty.

Again, if your starter doesn’t look quite like mine in the photo, don’t worry. Give it a few more days. The photo I have taken is of my third attempt so please don’t panic it does work.

Add the flour and water for today. Stir vigorously until combined into a smooth batter and let sit for 24 hours.

Day 4: Feed the Starter

1/4 cup water
1/4 cup flour

Check your starter. By now, the starter should be looking very bubbly with large and small bubbles, and it will have doubled in volume. If you stir the starter, it will feel looser than yesterday and honeycombed with bubbles. It should also be smelling quite sour and pungent. You can taste a little too! It should taste sour and somewhat vinegary.

When I made my starter here, I didn’t notice much visual change from Day 3 to Day 4, but could tell things had progress by the looseness of the starter and the sourness of the aroma.

Combine the flour and water with the starter. Let sit for 24 hours.

Day 5: Starter is Ready to Use

Check your starter. It should have doubled in bulk since yesterday. By now, the starter should also be looking very bubbly — even frothy. If you stir the starter, it will feel looser than yesterday and be completely webbed with bubbles. It should also be smelling quite sour and pungent. You can taste a little too! It should taste even more sour and vinegary.

If everything is looking, smelling, and tasting good, you can consider your starter ripe and ready to use! If your starter is lagging behind a bit, continue on with the Day 5 and Beyond instructions.

Day 5 and Beyond: Maintaining Your Starter
1/4 cup water
1/4 cup flour

Once your starter is ripe (or even if it’s not quite ripe yet), you no longer need to bulk it up. To maintain the starter, discard (or use) about half of the starter and then “feed” it with new flour and water: weigh the flour and water, and combine them in the container with the starter. Stir vigorously until combined into a smooth batter.

If you’re using the starter within the next few days, leave it out on the counter and continue discarding half and “feeding” it daily. If it will be longer before you use your starter, cover it tightly and place it in the fridge. Remember to take it out and feed it at least once a week — I also usually let the starter sit out overnight to give the yeast time to recuperate before putting it back in the fridge.

How to Reduce the Amount of Starter:

Maybe you don’t need all the starter we’ve made here on an ongoing basis. That’s fine! Discard half the starter as usual, but feed it with half the amount of flour and water. Continue until you have whatever amount of starter works for your baking habits.

How to Take a Long Break from Your Starter:

If you’re taking a break from baking, but want to keep your starter, you can do two things:

Make a Thick Starter: Feed your starter double the amount of flour to make a thicker dough-like starter. This thicker batter will maintain the yeast better over long periods of inactivity in the fridge.
Dry the Starter: Smear your starter on a Silpat sheet and let it dry. Once completely dry, break it into flakes and store it in an airtight container. Dried sourdough can be stored for months. To re-start it, dissolve a 1/4 cup of the flakes in 4 ounces of water, and stir in 4 ounces of flour. Continue feeding the starter until it is active again.

Troubleshooting Your Sourdough Starter
No signs of bubbles or yeast activity after several days: Add a pinch of sugar next time you feed your starter — this can help kickstart yeast activity. Also, make sure your starter is being kept somewhere warm and stir vigorously when you stir in the fresh flour and water. If it starts to smell spoiled, discard it and start again.
Still no signs of activity! Something’s not going right. Discard your starter and begin again with a clean container. Use filtered water if at all possible. If it’s very warm in your kitchen, also be sure that the starter is not too hot — if you’re sweating, your yeast is also not so happy. Try to keep the starter around 70°F to 75°F.
There’s a thin layer of liquid on the top: This often happens if your water to flour ratio is off (too much water) or if your starter has gone too long between feedings. Just pour off this layer off and feed your starter as normal. Be sure you’re adding the right amount of flour and water (slightly more flour than water by volume) — weigh your ingredients if at all possible.
The top of my starter looks moldy or is tinged red: I’ve read in several places that it’s ok to scrape this layer off (or pour it off, if it’s liquidy), but personally, I’d discard the starter and start again. If you can’t bear to discard an old starter, try to scoop about 1/4 cup from the bottom of the container and use this to seed a new batch of flour and water.

Good Luck!

sourdough starter whitepizza